Is Turkey “City Zero” in Global Contagion

Last year Turkey’s lira crisis quickly morphed into a Euro-zone crisis as Italian bond yields blew higher and the euro quickly reversed off a major Q1 high near $1.25.

It nearly sparked a global emerging market meltdown and subsequent melt-up in the dollar.

This week President Erdogan of Turkey banned international short-selling of the Turkish lira in response to the Federal Reserve’s complete reversal of monetary policy from its last rate hike in December.

The markets responded to the Fed with a swift and deepening of the U.S. yield curve inversion. Dollar illiquidity is unfolding right in front of our eyes.

Turkish credit spreads, CDS rates and Turkey’s foreign exchange reserves all put under massive pressure. Unprecedented moves in were seen as the need for dollars has seized up the short end of the U.S. paper market.

Martin Armstrong talked about this yesterday:

The government [Turkey] simply trapped investors and refuses to allow transactions out of the Turkish lira. Turkey’s stand-off with investors has unnerved traders globally, pushing the world ever closer to a major FINANCIAL PANIC come this May 2019.
There is a major liquidity crisis brewing that could pop in May 2019.

Martin’s timing models all point to May as a major turning point. And the most obvious thing occurring in May is the European Parliamentary elections which should see Euroskeptics take between 30% and 35% of seats, depending on whether Britain stands for EU elections or not.

That depends on Parliament and the EU agreeing to a longer extension of Brexit in the next two weeks.

Parliament has created “Schroedinger’s Brexit,” neither alive nor dead but definitely bottled up in a box no one dares open. And they want to keep it that way for as long as possible. Their hope is outlasting Leavers into accepting staying in the gods-forsaken fiscal and political black hole that is the European Union.

But back to Turkey. To me this looks like a very dangerous game that Erdogan is playing with the markets to remind everyone just how fragile the financial system is. Now that a real Brexit back on the table thanks to the British Parliament his gambit takes on even more significance.

I don’t credit Erdogan with understanding this complexity anymore than I credit most Remainer MP’s understanding the true stakes of defying Brexit.

If he did he wouldn’t lift this foreign investor trap until Jean-Claude Juncker drank himself to death after a Hitlerian tirade of memetic proportions.

Juncker after Merkel’s Deal Failed a Third Time

That’s the problem with politicians. Their own narrow interest has out-sized effects on the rest of the world because of the power they wield.

The core problem is that Turkey’s companies owe an enormous sum in corporate debt that is payable in dollars. What Erdogan has done is prioritize lira for them to pay their dollar obligations while barring anyone else from attacking the lira at the same time.

This morning at Money and Markets I talked why this is happening:

I don’t know for sure what’s happening here but I do know that the U.S. is playing hardball on anyone who is maintaining any economic ties to Iran, criticizing Israel and/or backing President Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela while we try and regime change him.
Turkey is doing all three of these things. And the combination of U.S. anger at Turkey’s sliding into the BRICS orbit, Turkey’s indebtedness and EU contagion risk creates a potentially explosive situation in credit and currency markets that Armstrong is now warning could become ground zero for the next financial crisis.

Erdogan’s proxy weapon in this fight is zombie banks in Europe. And not just any banks, some of the biggest banks in Europe. Zerohedge put out the list of the five European banks most exposed to Turkey according to Goldman Sachs.

With that disclaimer in mind, Goldman claims that Turkey exposure of EU banks is “limited in scope and scale” as Turkey accounted for <1% of total EAD and c.1% of Net Profit for Goldman’s EU banks coverage in 2018: of more 50 banks under Goldman coverage, five have Turkey exposure of >1% of total EAD, with gross exposure ranging from 10% of EAD for BBVA, 5% for Unicredit to 2% or less for ING (2%), BNP (2%) and ISP (1%). Also worth noting that European banks tend not to have 100% ownership of Turkish subsidiaries, so one needs to adjust for the actual shareholding.

The biggest banks in Italy, France and the Netherlands have multi-billion dollar exposure to a default on Turkish corporate debt.

Bank Total EAD (billions)Turkey
BBVA699.868.2
Unicredit837.941.1
BNP Paribas155924.6
ING890.315.3
Intesa San Paolo616.53.9

Erdogan is staring at a major push-back from the U.S. and the EU over cozying up to Russia and it will not stop until he is removed from power.

As all of these interdependent systems, unintended consequences and perverse incentives have brought us to a very precarious moment in time.

Unspoken during all of the Brexit talk is the potential for real dislocation in the financial markets if the divorce is finalized to Brexiteer’s satisfaction. But the costs will be born hardest not on the working class but the financial and political class.

This is what is behind Project Fear and the slow motion betrayal of the Brexit Referendum of 2016. It is not the temporary inconvenience of having to pay 3% more for Italian wines or an extra ten minutes in line to take a holiday in France for the middle-class Briton Remainers who marched on London last weekend.

It is The Davos Crowd and their quislings in the British Civil Service and Brussels Byzantine Bureaucracy are the ones with trillions in assets at risk.

It is the British Deep State, so committed to the EU it helped back a coup against the President of the U.S. framing him as a Russian stooge straight out of a John LeCarre novel.

The mandarins who run the EU see their political project at risk. Turkey was a country slated to be subsumed by the murk of the EU.

And Erdogan put the kibosh on that after his country was nearly destroyed by U.S. incompetence in atomizing Syria. He has now emerged as a key political opponent of Brussels, as important as Viktor Orban in Hungary, Matteo Salvini and Luigi Di Maio in Italy or Vladimir Putin in Russia.

So it should come as no surprise that Turkey is emerging as the emerging market that comes under currency duress during this period of great uncertainty about the EU’s future.

Markets are finally taking these threats much more seriously now than they did last year. I told you then Turkey would survive. Qatar, China and Russia all came to Erdogan’s side to help Turkey through the shock.

But it was only a test of his resolve. It was a crucible to see if he could be brought back on side. And once Pastor Andrew Brunson was returned, the pressure on the lira mysteriously subsided.

But it’s clear with the way things have gone in Syria and with his opposition to Israel’s decisions recently that Erdogan is not redeemable as a NATO asset anymore. And the only reason Turkey hasn’t been kicked out of NATO is because treaties outlast leaders.

That’s why Brussels wants this Brexit deal and none other. It is a treaty which ensures the U.K. as a vassal state in perpetuity.

The U.S. equity markets just ended Q1 with the S&P 500’s highest closing quarterly price in history. The Dow Jones Industrials rallied to close just shy of 26,000. U.S. Treasuries are trading below the Fed’s benchmark rate throughout most of the yield curve.

And gold is holding onto $1300 despite furious selling above $1325 as traders scramble for dollars.

Since the equity markets peaked near the end of Q3 of last year, more than $5 trillion in debt globally has been pushed to negative yields as of Monday.

The number is not near a record $10 trillion.

The German yield curve is negative out to 10 years.

The sound you hear is the air leaving the room as the world wakes up to the fact that no one in charge has any clue as to how to fix any of the messes they have created.

The mad scramble for collateral has begun. And the zombie plague may have been unleashed in Istanbul.


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12 thoughts on “Is Turkey “City Zero” in Global Contagion

  1. So my question is, is he fully de-dollarizing and getting on board with BRI ? Erdogan is a Muslim Brotherhood believer and the driver of the Neo-Ottoman ideology that has gripped Turkey’s ruling party. His whole drive has been to make Turkey militarily self-reliant and independent. Much like Iran has been forced to do, yet Turkey is doing it willingly. His Muslim ideology makes him chafe at modern bank system as going against strict Muslim teaching. He has designated himself a protector of Qatar , but no direct route to reach and reinforce it. At some point all this butts up against the reality that is the BRI ? There are too many hostilities are work against his ideology. He has positioned himself as a transport hub, but after that there’s not much more. At some point the world and technology move forward and you are part of the solution or the problem. If you are the problem , you get bypassed, much as the Baltic states, Poland, Ukraine, Georgia and now Armenia are finding out. To be bypassed means you will wallow. I’m just seeing too many contradictions in his strategy.

  2. Part of the reason Brexit is such a circus is because it is very hard to sabotage something without looking like you are sabotaging it.

  3. “… the next financial crisis” there is no next financial crisis. The world has been in a continuous financial crisis since time in memorial. Its definition is manipulated to obscure that fact. It’s all manipulated, it’s all lies.

  4. Erdogan suspending FOREX trading (short selling) of the Turkish Lira, is a wise move and will bring stability to the Turkish economy. (Although, I believe the reasons for this move are far more complex than linking it to the Fed policy and interest rates…) In 1997, I was in Singapore and lived through the Asian Financial Crisis. Thailand, Indonesia and South Korea accepted the IMF plan which led to regime change and austerity and the middle class in these countries were wiped out. (I traveled to Indonesia often during this time and the IDR (Indonesia Rupiah) went from 2,500 IDR = USD $1 – to 17,000+ IDR to USD $1! Short term time deposits offered 43-53% interest! (90 day term) the country was devastated.

    There was ONE exception – MALAYSIA. Prime Minister Moh’d Mahathir refused the IMF bailout and suspended FOREX trading of the Malaysian Ringgit and pegged it to the USD with a fixed exchange rate. When this happened, you read article after article portending ‘gloom and doom’ – fake news – never occurred, in fact, it saved Malaysia from financial destruction. History shows us, it was the right move…
    In the last five years, I have been in several countries and witnessed government policies pro-actively reducing USD transactions – forcing businesses to use the local currency and ‘de-coupling’ from the USD. (Most notable, directors from the oil and gas industry having to invoice and charge in the local currency – NOT USD – which was the norm) Countries are also reducing the USD reserve accounts and moving to international settlements using intra-national currencies… i.e. RMB, etc. Also capital controls when it comes to the USD.

    About two years ago, I visited a large multi-national bank in Singapore and wanted to open a Singapore Corporate bank account, the bank officer responded: ‘Don’t open a USD account – use SGD and you and your American partners should NOT be signatories on the account and you should have a locals hold your shares.’ This was from a MAJOR international bank, that you would all recognize and this was in Singapore… An American industrialist that was with me and had banked there for years was gob smacked.. It got worse when we approached a branch of the same bank in Indonesia… The aforementioned is not anomalous.

    Insofar as Erdogan’s move being linked to: ‘The Moslem Brotherhood and Neo-Ottoman Empire REDUX’ – I don’t believe this policy is directly related – it’s is about survival and a defensive move to do an end run around ‘weaponized Forex Trading”, like Malaysia did. That said, the Neo-Ottoman Redux – is quite real but a far more complex discussion, with many moving parts. A plan that has been in the works for over a decade and is ramping-up – a very interesting and timely topic

    • Stephen,

      That might be the best comment ever on this blog. Thank you. This was my thought as well. The only way Erdogan is going to survive this is to force a de-dollarization of the Turkish economy. And since he has control of the government now he can (if this is his plan, which it seems like it is) end run around any fifth columns within his government.

      That’s been my read on him since the 2016 coup attempt. He’s been steadily and systematically removing U.S. and European influences all through his gov’t, media and strategic industries. He’s going to let the non-strategic corporations go belly up here, stick the losses on the European banks and create a run on the euro and the dollar.

      Thanks again for your insight and sharing your experiences with us.!!!

  5. Pingback: Is Turkey “City Zero” in Global Contagion - The Daily Coin

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